Welcome to the New “The Focus”

In January of 2002, Rod Scholl did what a lot of people talk about doing but never actually do.  He published a newsletter for ANSYS users.  Called “The Focus” it was created with a very simple concept: users want a consistent and frequent publication with short, useful articles that will help them use ANSYS better. Tips and Tricks on a regular basis.  Short and to the point was the main purpose, which is why it was called The Focus.  The second concept was also evident in the fact that “The Focus” masthead was a blurred image. We wanted this publication to be fun and poke fun at itself, PADT, and nerds, we mean ANSYS users, in general.

Since then we have published 74 unique issues.  That is 93 months since that first issue, and with 74 issues we met our goal of being almost monthly! Rod really deserves a lot of credit for making sure that we did not do what most companies do when they start a newsletter – put out a few issues then get too busy to continue and let it die.  As of today, we have just over 1,950 registered subscribers, and there is no way to tell how many users around the world access the archives without subscribing. 

But, as time went by we started to make bigger and fancier issues, and took longer and longer between publishings.  We moved to a PDF file that looked fancy but took a lot of time to lay out and publish.  We basically drifted away from that initial concept of short, useful articles that come out often.  We also started feeling like dinosaurs in that we were using a “magazine like” format.  It was time to go 2002 and move to a blog instead of a newsletter.  And here it is, welcome.

The switch has one thing that bothers us.  We now publish articles one at a time, shooting for four a month, hopefully resulting in one a week.  This is great for users but we can no longer number issues.  So there will be no Issue 75, which is sad. Instead, we will count years. The Focus is almost 8 years old now, maybe our grand children will be around for the 75th year?

We have published our first technical article with this welcome.  All 74 previous issues are also available as linked PDF files, so you can search from this site.  If you are a subscriber, you will continue to get e-mails for a while, but we will be moving to RSS feeds (use the subscribe button at the top of this page) or the Newsletter function on this blog.

Thank you to everyone that has passed along their good wishes to us over the years, that is what keeps us going.  And thank you to everyone at PADT who has contributed to this publication and who will contribute in the future.

We hope you all continue to find it useful.

 – PADT’s Technical Support Staff


Banishing the Bad Geometry Blues with Design Modeler

(NOTE: This article is a reprint from the final PDF version of The Focus, Issue 74.  We used it to prove out the new blog format.)

We have all been there before.  You are poised in front of your computer, you just read in your geometry and you throw on a quick mesh to see what you have and how much effort this will take.  Next thing you know you are getting errors or red lines are showing up on your geometry.  You got bad geometry and now you need to clean it up.

There are a lot of options available including: 1) going back to the original CAD and fixing that, 2) using a repair tool like CADFix, 3) using some intermediate geometry tool that is good at repair like SpaceClaim or IronCAE, or 4) meshing in ICEM CFD which is much more forgiving with bad geometry.  All of these work and may be the way you have dealt with this situation in the past.  But you should also be aware that ANSYS DesignModeler has an array of tools purpose build to help you solve this problem.

The first things to try are the options when you read your geometry in to DesignModeler.  Figure 1 shows the appropriate details view.

Figure 1: Import Options

You can have the program simplify geometry, simplify topology, heal the body or clean the body.  It can also try and replace any missing geometry.  By the way, the options available change based upon where your geometry came from so if you do not see all of them, that is normal. Heal geometry is on by default, as is clean.  Sometimes you may not want them on.  Play with simplifying as well.  Sometimes modifying these options can clean everything up.

If the automatic stuff does not work , it is time to look at the tools available to you in DM.  The first to look at is the “Small Entity Search” Just as the name implies, it goes out and identifies where you have small entities and gives you their size.  You access the command a little differently in that it is not something you insert into the tree.  Go to Tools > Analysis Tools > Small Entity Search. This will bring up the Details View shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Small Entities

Pick one or more bodies you want checked and set the options, although the defaults are usually good.  Then, this is the strange part, change the option next to “Go!” to “Yes” It will do the search and present the results down below.  Click on any item listed and you will be able to see it on the screen.  This should help you understand where you might have problems before you go in and start fixing things.

Our favorite repair tool in DM is the Merge tool.  It takes edges or surfaces that are connected without any sharp corners and merges them into new smooth entities.  Figure 3 shows a typical example for edges and Figure 4 shows the same for surfaces. 

Figure 3: Merge Edges

Figure 4: Merge Faces

You can do an automatic merge or pick entities that you want merged.  The automatic is a great way to get rid of small slivers without having to hunt them down.  This tool is also useful for simplifying your geometry in order to get a better mesh.  Figure 5 shows how you can really clean up a fillet and the suction side of a turbine blade. 

Figure 5: Merge Faces Ceanup

Sometimes you just want to de-feature your model by deleting holes, fillets, bosses, etc…  You can do most of that with the Edge and Face Delete commands.  They can be found under Tools and they work as you would expect. You simple identify the face or edge you want removed and the program takes it out and heals the solid.  Figures 6 through 8 show examples.  We find that this is the most efficient and controlled way to disfeature a model and get rid of tiny geometry that is causing issues.

Figure 6: Delete Faces to Remove Fillets

Figure 7: Remove Edges

Figure 8: Remove Faces to Remove Features

If, after using the tools mentioned above, you still have the bad geometry blues you can get down and dirty with a set of repair tools that address the most common  issues.  They can all be found under Tools-> Repair.  The names are pretty self-explanatory.  There are tools for removing slivers, spikes, small edges, small faces, seams, holes, and sharp angled surfaces.  Most of them work the same way – you can specify a size and any features under that size get cleaned, or you can pick on geometry. The remaining figures show examples of the various options.

Figure 9: Repair Tools

One small side note before we finish, most of the options available in the menu can be displayed as icons in the tool bars if you go to Tools->Options->Toolbars. If you are doing a lot of repairs, we recommend that you add the tools you are using to the toolbars.  Another important thing that users should know is that you can repair geometry and save it as an ANSYS ANF file, the native file format for ANSYS Mechanical APDL. So even if you are not meshing and pre-processing in Workbench, you can still use this tool to clean up your geometry.
After spending years repairing bad geometry we are thrilled to have these tools in our main software product, removing the need to jump out to other programs.  Taking the time to learn these tools, when they work and when they don’t and understanding their options has paid off in chasing away our bad geometry blues.

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 74


  • Maximizing the ROI on your CAE Investment
  • Modeling Cracks with ANSYS – Part 2
  • Thin Sweep: Sweeping Away Sweep Mesh Restrictions
  • Banishing the Bad Geometry Blues with Design Modeler

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 73


  • ACP: Realistic Composite Models Without the Sparkly Costume
  • Modeling Cracks with ANSYS
  • Going “Over the Top” with Joint Simulation in ANSYS Mechanical
  • Passing Entity Attributes from NX to ANSYS MAPDL

NOTE: The Zip file for the article on crack modeling can be found here: http://www.padtinc.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/oldblog/focus%20crack%20article.zip



The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 72


  • Jet Tour Release 12.1
  • Exploring the New Immersed Boundary Solver in ANSYS FLUENT
  • Modeling Cyclic Symmetry in ANSYS Mechanical R12.1
  • The Workbench is Flat: Using the Parametric Manager
  • PeDAL: The Editor for ANSYS APDL Users

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 71


  • What’s New in Workbench Meshing
  • Implementing Fluid Pressure Penetration
  • Announcing PADT’s First Web Based Class: Workbench Mechanical
  • PeDAL: The APDL Editor
  • Faster Fourier! Kill! Kill!
  • The Top 10 Most Important New Features in Workbench 12.0

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 70


  • Changing Name with Release 12
  • The Top 10 Most Important Features in ANSYS Mechanical APDL R12.0
  • Getting to Know R12 Licensing
  • Navigating the WB 2.0 Project Schematic

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 69


  • Face/Off: Finally Having Fun with Slivers
  • Shell-Solid: Further Studies
  • Shell-Solid: A Further Further Look
  • Commerical Software Tools
  • Accessing Table Array Indices
  • Awesome APDL: Material Property Contour Plots

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 68


  • Painting “Happy” Thermal Barriers
  • Shell To Solid Interfaces: Using Constraint Equations
  • Free Tools Every Analyst Should Have

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 67


  • Fast and Easy 2D Geometry with DesignModeler
  • Shell To Solid Interfaces: Using Contact
  • ANSYS on the Lake: An Optimization of a Sail Boat Dagger Board using DesignXplorer
  • Awesome APDL: Looping Awesome on Numbered Tables

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 65


  • FITEMizing Entities for Fun and Profit
  • Faster Solves with VT Accelerator
  • HPC Update – New Intel Architecture is Moist, Chewy

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 64


  • E-Mailing from a Macro
  • Real Nerds Love START.ANS
  • The AMG Solver
  • Awesom APDL: /INQUIRE

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 63


  • No Separation using MPC’s
  • Delving into NUMMRG
  • View Orientation and Zombies

The Focus Newsletter Archive Issue 62


  • Using CAD within ANSYS
  • Using NLDIAG Diagnostics
  • Verifying Auto-Contact Detection