All Things Ansys 079: The State of Simulation for Additive Manufacturing

 

Published on: January 11th, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Brent Stucker
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by Brent Stucker, the Director of Additive Manufacturing at Ansys to discuss the innovative capabilities of the Ansys additive suite of tools and it’s impact on the effectiveness of 3D printing for manufacturing and design.

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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Discussions on the Past, Present & Future of Optimizing Topology for Manufacturing – Webinar

Traditional design approaches don’t make the most of new manufacturing methods, like additive manufacturing, which are removing design constraints and opening up new possibilities. The optimal shape of a part is often organic and counterintuitive, so designing it requires a different approach.

Topology optimization lets you specify where supports and loads are located on a volume of material and lets the software find the best shape.

Kick off the year by learning about one of the most exciting advancements in modern design and manufacturing. Join experts from PADT and nTopology for an interactive roundtable discussion on the ins and outs of topological optimization.

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Understanding Honeycomb Structures in Additive Manufacturing – Three Papers from ASU and PADT

PADT is currently partnering with Arizona State University’s 3DXResearch group on exploring bio-inspired geometries for 3D Printing. As part of that effort, one of our engineers involved in the project, Alex Grishin, PhD, was a co-author on several papers that have been published during this project.

Below is a brief summary from Alex of each article, along with links.


An Examination of the Low Strain Rate Sensitivity of Additively Manufactured Polymer, Composite and Metallic Honeycomb Structures

PADT participated in the research with the above title recently published in the open-access online journal MDPI ( https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/12/20/3455/htm ). This work was funded by the America Makes Program under a project titled “A Non-Empirical Predictive Model for Additively Manufactured Lattice Structures” and is based on research sponsored by the Air Force Research Laboratory under agreement number FA8650-12-2-7230.

Current ASU professor and former PADT employee Dhruv Bhate was the Lead Investigator and wrote the original proposal. Dhruv’s research interests involve bio-inspired design (the study of structures found in nature to help inform human design efforts) and additive manufacturing. Dhruv is particularly interested in the bulk properties of various lattice arrangements. While investigating the highly nonlinear force-deflection response of various additively manufactured honeycomb specimens under compression, Dhruv discovered that polymer and composite honeycombs showed extreme sensitivity to strain rates –showing peak responses substantially higher than theory predicts at various (low) strain rates. This paper explores and quantifies this behavior.

The paper investigates hexagonal honeycomb structures manufactured with four different additive manufacturing processes: one polymer (fused deposition modeling, or material extrusion with ABS), one composite (nylon and continuous carbon fiber extrusion) and two metallic (laser powder bed fusion of Inconel 718 and electron beam melting of Ti6Al4V). The strain rate sensitivities of the effective elastic moduli, and the peak loads for all four processes were compared. Results show significant sensitivity to strain rate in the polymer and composite process for both these metrics, and mild sensitivity for the metallic honeycombs for the peak load.

PADT contributed to this research by providing ANSYS simulations of these structures assuming viscoplastic material properties derived from solid dog-bone test specimens. PADT’s simulations helped provide Dhruv with a proposed mechanism to explain why INSTRON compression tests of the honeycomb structures showed higher peak responses (corresponding to classical ultimate stress) for these specimens than the solid specimens.


Bioinspired Honeycomb Core Design: An Experimental Study of the Role of Corner Radius, Coping and Interface

PADT participated in the NASA-funded research with the above title recently published in the open-access online journal MDPI (https://www.mdpi.com/2313-7673/5/4/59/htm ). This work was guided by former PADT engineer and current ASU Associate Professor Dhruv Bhate.  Professor Bhate’s primary research interests are Bio-Inspired Design and Additive Manufacturing. It was only natural that he would secure a grant for this research from NASA’s  Periodic Table of Life ( PeTaL) project. To quote from the website, “the primary objective…is to expand the domain of inquiry for human processes that seek to model those that are, were or could be found in nature…”

This paper focuses on the morphology of bee honeycombs found in nature –the goal being to identify key characteristics of their structure, which might inform structural performance in man-made designs incorporating similar lattice structures. To this end, the paper identifies three such characteristics: The honeycomb cell corner radius, the cell wall “coping” (a localized thickening of the cell wall at the mouth of each cell seen in a lateral cross-section), and the cell array “interface” (a zigzag pattern seen at the interface of two opposing, or “stacked” arrays).

Most of this work involved material testing and measuring dozens of natural honeycombs (most coming from various museums of natural history found in the United States) at ASU’s state-of-the-art facilities. PADT  contributed substantially by verifying and guiding tests with simulation using the ANSYS suite of software.


A Comparison of Modeling Methods for Predicting the Elastic-Plastic Response of Additively Manufactured Honeycomb Structures

PADT participated in this research found in the reviewed article published in Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium – An Additive Manufacturing Conference.

Figure 14. (left) 2D plane strain model with platens connected to honeycomb with frictional contacts and (right) close-up of an individual cell showing the mesh size as well as corner radius modeled after experimental measurements

The lead investigator was current ASU professor and former PADT employee Dhruv Bhate, whose research interests involve Bio-Inspired Design (the study of natural structures to help inform human design processes) and Additive Manufacturing. In this research, Dhruv investigates discrepancies between published (bulk) material properties for the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) of ABS honeycomb structures. The discrepancies arise as substantial differences between published material properties, such as Young’s Modulus and yield stress, and those determined experimentally from FDM dog-bone specimens of the same material (which he refers to as “member” properties).

Figure 4. (left) Homogenization enables the replacement of a cellular material with a solid of effective properties, (right) which can greatly reduce computational expense when simulating engineering structures

PADT’s role in this research was crucial for demonstrating that the differences in base material characterization are greatly exacerbated in nonlinear compression simulations of the ABS honeycomb structures. PADT used both the manufacturer’s published properties, and the dog-bone data to show substantial differences in peak stress under the two assumptions.

https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85084948560&origin=inward&txGid=a19776da6deb7846e12bc8f7573181ab

All Things Ansys 078: Optimization & Automation Updates in Ansys 2020 R2 – OptiSLang

 

Published on: December 14th, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Josh Stout
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by PADT’s Systems Support & Application Engineer Josh Stout for a discussion on how OptiSLang helps to increase the robustness and reliability of simulation, as well as a look at what new features are in the 2020 R2 updated version.

If you would like to learn more about this update, you can view Josh’s webinar on the topic here:

https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15747/458229

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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Optimization & Automation Updates in Ansys 2020 R2 – Webinar

Simulation is becoming an integral part of our customers’ product development processes, and new horizons await. By combining different physics into a multidisciplinary approach, phenomena can be investigated more holistically and optimized to a greater degree. Additionally, simulation processes can be standardized and shared across teams, allowing simulation novices to gain more direct access to simulation.

Time-consuming manual searches for the best and most robust design configuration can now be accelerated by adding state-of-the-art algorithms for design exploration, optimization, robustness and reliability analysis. Through the power of interactive visualization and artificial intelligence technologies, engineers and designers can gain a better understanding of their design and make the right decisions in less time.

The process integration and design optimization solution that enables all the above is Ansys optiSLang.

Join PADT’s Mechanical Application Engineer and Systems Expert Josh Stout for an exploration of this interconnected tool and what new capabilities are available in it’s 2020 R2 release.

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All Things Ansys 077: Multibody Dynamics Updates in Ansys Motion 2020 R2

 

Published on: November 30th, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Jim Peters
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by PADT’s Senior Staff Technologist Jim Peters for a discussion on the new capabilities available within Ansys Motion 2020 R2. With an integration into Mechanical, users can take advantage of multi-use models resulting in substantial time savings.

If you would like to learn more about this update, you can view Jim’s webinar on the topic here:

https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15747/455203

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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Multibody Dynamics Updates in Ansys Motion 2020 R2 – Webinar

Ansys Motion, now in the Mechanical interface, is a third generation engineering solution based on an advanced multibody dynamics solver that enables fast and accurate analysis of rigid and flexible bodies and gives an accurate evaluation of physical events through the analysis of the mechanical system as a whole.

Ansys Motion uses four tightly integrated solving schemes (rigid body, flexible body, modal & meshfree EasyFlex) that give the user unparalleled capabilities to analyze in any combination imaginable. Large assemblies with millions of degrees of freedom can be studied with the effects of flexibility and contact included. With an integration into Mechanical, users can take advantage of multi-use models resulting in substantial time savings.

Join PADT’s Senior Staff Technologist, Jim Peters for an exploration of what this tool has to offer, and how seamlessly it integrates with the Ansys Mechanical interface.

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All Things Ansys 076: MAPDL – Elements, Contact & Solver Updates in Ansys 2020 R2

 

Published on: November 16th, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Ted Harris
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by PADT’s Simulation Support Manager Ted Harris for a discussion on what’s new in the Ansys Mechanical APDL 2020 R2 release.

If you would like to learn more about this update, you can view Ted’s webinar on the topic here:

https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15747/452033

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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MAPDL – Elements, Contact & Solver Updates in Ansys 2020 R2 – Webinar

The Ansys finite element solvers enable a breadth and depth of capabilities unmatched by anyone in the world of computer-aided simulation. Thermal, Structural, Acoustic, Piezoelectric, Electrostatic and Circuit Coupled Electromagnetics are just an example of what can be simulated. Regardless of the type of simulation, each model is represented by a powerful scripting language, the Ansys Parametric Design Language (APDL).

APDL is the foundation for all sophisticated features, many of which are not exposed in the Workbench Mechanical user interface. It also offers many conveniences such as parameterization, macros, branching and looping, and complex math operations. All these benefits are accessible within the Ansys Mechanical APDL user interface.

Join PADT’s Simulation Support Manager, Ted Harris for a look at what’s new for MAPDL in Ansys 2020 R2, regarding:

  • Contact Modeling & Robustness
  • Elements
  • Post Processing
  • Solver Components
  • And Much More

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All Things Ansys 075: Optical System Design & Disruption in Ansys SPEOS 2020 R2

 

Published on: November 2nd, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Robert McCathren
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by PADT’s Application Engineer Robert McCathren for a look at how Ansys 2020 R2 empowers SPEOS users to go further than ever before with enhancements that improve the handling of complex sensors, project preview and computation.

If you would like to learn more about this update, you can view Robert’s webinar on the topic here:

https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15747/449021

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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Introducing Level Up – An Ansys Mechanical Virtual Conference

PADT & Ansys are excited to announce Level Up with Ansys Mechanical, a free virtual technical conference on Wednesday, December 2, 2020 at 10 a.m. EST.

For the past 50 years, Ansys Mechanical continues to be the go-to finite element analysis platform for structural analysis, and they’re just getting warmed up. Join visionary Ansys product development, product management and engineering leaders as they provide expert insights on Mechanical’s technology advances and preview the platform’s future.

From those engineers looking to boot up their simulation experience to those seeking to step up their simulation skills, and even those operating in “beast mode”, who execute large and complex workflows, this action-packed event showcases how Mechanical radically transforms product design.

Highlights include: 

  • Learn the latest with scripting and automation to save valuable time
  • Discover how to lightweight product designs with structural optimization methods
  • Understand how to couple multiple physics to assess performance in the real world
  • And so much more

Catch the thought-provoking plenary presentation, engage with Ansys’ brightest during the live Q&A, and interact with fellow engineers during live polls. 

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Optical System Design & Disruption in Ansys SPEOS 2020 R2 – Webinar

When customers evaluate products, the overall look and details can make all the difference. Ansys physics-based imaging, photonics and illumination software streamlines the design process, so you can better understand how your product will look and operate under real-world lighting and usage conditions.

Whether you are designing a TV screen, street lighting network, smart headlight, head-up display or interior mood lighting in an automobile, Ansys optical simulation software helps you make your design more efficient and appealing. Optical sensors are the eyes of any intelligent system, and Ansys physics-based simulations can help you assess raw signals from camera and lidar systems in their operating environments.

Ansys 2020 R2 empowers Ansys SPEOS users to go further than ever before with enhancements that improve the handling of complex sensors, project preview and computation.

Enhancements include:

 •  Highly accurate camera models drastically improve camera simulation experience 

•  Faster simulation times when using light sources and provides nearly real-time review 

•  4X faster simulation setup thanks to optimized GUI

Join PADT’s Application Engineer Robert McCathren for a first hand look at the capabilities of optical simulation, followed by what’s available for SPEOS in the Ansys 2020 R2 update.

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Meshing in the New Ansys Fluent Task-based Workflows

Working with a variety of users with different levels of CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) backgrounds, I have to admit that Fluent meshing used to be a challenging and confusing task for beginners and even intermediate users.

Ansys has addressed this challenge by redesigning the Fluent user interface to provide a task-based workflow for meshing that enables engineers to do more and solve more complex problems than ever before in less time. The new Fluent task-based workflow streamlines the user experience by providing a single window that offers only relevant choices and options and prompts the user with best practices that deliver better simulation results.

Best practices are embedded into the workflow in the form of defaults and messages to the user. This reduces the amount of training required to start using the software and makes it easier for occasional users to return to the software.

How to Mesh Watertight CFD Geometry in the New Ansys Fluent Task-based Workflow

In order to use this workflow, you need a relatively clean watertight solid and/or fluid regions that can be meshed by surface meshing and then volume filling (no wrapping required.) Geometry can consist of single or multiple bodies.

Going through the task-based workflow is straightforward. You are presented with several steps, like:

  • Surface mesh.
  • Describe geometry. (Fluid and/or solid)
  • Capping. (If you are creating an internal flow volume, then the capping tools in Fluent makes extraction easy)
  • Volume meshing. (If you wish to use the latest Mosaic meshing technology, select “Poly-hexcore”)
Mosaic Meshing Technology

Now, click on “Switch-to-Solution,” to bring the mesh into a familiar Fluent interface.

Fault-Tolerant Workflow for Ansys Fluent Meshing Wraps and Seals Leaks and Gaps

Sometimes CFD simulations contain dirty, non-watertight geometries. For instance, 3D scanned or manufacturing geometry files. These geometries may contain missing faces, gaps, holes, overlaps, and other issues. As a result, they require extensive cleanup before simulation.

To overcome this obstacle, Ansys offers a new Fluent meshing workflow that wraps dirty geometry without cleanup.

The workflow for non-watertight geometry offers distinct advantages over other meshing technologies such as:

Part management:

Users can perform CAD-level changes to any geometry or assembly, including dragging and dropping objects from the CAD model into the simulation model.

Leakages and overlaps:

The fault-tolerant workflow seals leakages caused by gaps and misalignments between solid bodies. This significantly reduces the manual efforts required to clean up geometry.

The fault-tolerant workflow can easily wrap leaky geometry

STL file input

The workflow can create fluid regions directly from STL files or scanned data. This eliminates the need to convert STL files into solid geometry for the biomedical, oil and gas, automotive and other industries.

Imported STL File

2020R2 updates:

There are a few important improvements both in Watertight meshing (WTM) and Fault-Tolerant meshing (FTM) workflows in the 2020R2 release.

FTM/WTM: Wild card selection in lists

The Meshing Workflows now have an option to use a persistent Wildcard string for selecting labels or zones. This is in addition to the Filter Text option previously available. The new Use WildCard option stores the wildcard string itself in recorded workflows instead of an explicit list of locations so that when they are played back with new geometries, the matching will be performed again and pick up any matching zones/labels that were not in the earlier geometry.

WTM: Support of Region-specific Sizing 

You can specify region-specific Max Size and Growth Rates during the Volume Meshing task.  If you enable Region-based Sizing, Fluent will compute default sizing specifications for each region.  These can then be adjusted as required for each region.

WTM: Start From Imported Surface Mesh

This is useful if you have an established surface-meshing workflow or if you already have a mesh generated (perhaps from another preprocessor or an existing Fluent case) and want to use that as a starting point for Fluent meshing. Once you import the surface mesh you have the option of using it as it is, or selectively adding additional Local Size controls and/or remeshing particular surfaces as needed.

FTM: Continuous prism layers for Poly and Poly-Hexcore for Fluids

For the Fault-Tolerant Meshing Workflow you can now create continuous prism layers without stair-stepping within poly and poly-hexcore fluid regions.  Note that this will apply in all zones of the region.

WTM: Support of Local Sizing on Labeled Edges

Once you have labeled the edges, you can select Edge Size in Add Local Sizing to prescribe a target size on the selected edge(s).

All Things Ansys 074: Design & Digital Engineering Updates in Ansys 2020 R2

 

Published on: October 19th, 2020
With: Eric Miller & Robert McCathren
Description:  

In this episode your host and Co-Founder of PADT, Eric Miller is joined by PADT’s Application Engineer Robert McCathren for a look at 3D product design and updates for Ansys Discovery AIM, Live, and SpaceClaim in 2020 R2.

If you would like to learn more about this update, you can view Robert’s webinar on the topic here:

https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/15747/440598

If you have any questions, comments, or would like to suggest a topic for the next episode, shoot us an email at podcast@padtinc.com we would love to hear from you!

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Design & Digital Engineering Updates in Ansys 2020 R2 – Webinar

The Ansys Discovery suite of tools allows engineers to improve their 3D design capabilities, by increasing productivity, improving product quality, and spurring innovation. Explore ideas, iterate and innovate with unprecedented speed early in your design process with Ansys 3D design software.

Delve deeper into design details, refine concepts and perform multiple physics simulations to better account for real-world behaviors. 

Join PADT’s Application Engineer Robert McCathren for a look at 3D product design and updates for Ansys Discovery AIM, Live, and SpaceClaim in 2020 R2.

In the Ansys 2020 R2, users can explore large design spaces and answer critical design questions early in the product design process without waiting days or weeks for traditional simulation results.

Additionally, these tools have been upgraded to support concept modeling and model prep for importing modified CAD geometry, auto-skinning topology optimization results from Ansys Mechanical for automated geometry reconstruction, and so much more.

Register Here

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