Choosing a 3D Printing Material for its Temperature-Handling Capabilities

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It used to be, if you were thinking of 3D printing a polymer part, you’d select your material by considering several of the classic mechanical factors – ultimate tensile strength, elongation at break, notched Izod impact – and perhaps hardness or durometer. With a little luck, you’d have several options from which to choose, that would meet your end-use requirements (vanilla, chocolate AND strawberry).

While those factors are still important, users have moved to the next level of specification, saying, okay, I can see there are many choices that will make my part strong enough, but will it hold up to high temperatures? And how much does it absorb moisture?

Not only are there multiple types of 3D printing, or additive manufacturing approaches, but the number of possible polymer-based 3D printing materials is now far beyond the 31 flavors of a certain ice-cream company and number in the hundreds (maybe thousands). Here at PADT, we are often working with customers who understand the environment in which their products must operate and are eager to know their options for temperature limits when working with Stratasys polymer-based 3D printers.

We’ve compiled a simple list of the Heat Deflection Temperature (or Glass Transition Temperature, as appropriate) for the most common polymer materials used on the following Stratasys systems:

Origin One (DLP/resins)

FDM (filament)

SAF (powder)

PolyJet (UV light/resins)

For the Origin systems, we’ve also listed moisture absorption data when available.

AM Technology/MaterialHDT ASTM D638, D648 or ISO 75Water Absorption INS-6711 or ASTM D570 (24 hr)
 Values from data sheetsValues from data sheets
P3 Origin (some materials require purchase of Open Material License)  
IND3955 rigid>300C/572F0.30%
P3 Deflect 120 rigid121C/250F0.30%
IND403 rigid80C/176F1.8+/-0.2%
IND3843 black rigid60C/140F1.94%
Dura 56 rigid52C/125F3%
IND3172 grey rigid51C/123F1.4 – 1.6%
IND405 black rigid pp-like53C/127F1% (Internal test)
ST45 rigid63C/145FEstimated 6%
Somos QuickGen 500 rigidTg 62C/143F0.57-0.89%
IND402 black elastomerTg 66C/150F3.15%
Somos PerFORM HW rigid292C/558C0.20%
P3 Stretch 475 elastomer__(not recommended for sustained fluid contact)
MED412 clear rigid39C/102F0.36%
MED413 white rigid60C/140F1.90%
MED413 clear rigid60C/140F2.13%
RG35 Clear rigid83C/181F0.33%
BASF RG 3280 ceramic rigid>280C0.29%
WeatherX rigid68C/154F0.40%
Loctite Pro410 black rigid66 to 76C/150 to 168F0.2 – 0.3%
   
FDM  
ABS-M30100C/212F 
ABS-CF1099C/210F 
ABS-ESD7101C/213F 
Antero147C/296F 
Antero ESD150C/302F 
ASA97C/206F 
Diran70C/158F 
HIPS101C/213F 
Kimya PC-FR118C/244F 
Kimya PEKK SC172C/341F 
Nylon 693C/199F 
Nylon 1284C/183F 
Nylon 12CF153C/307F 
Nylon CF1062C/143F 
PC142C/287F 
PC-ABS102C/215F 
PLA51C/123F 
PPSF189C/372F 
ULTEM 1010212C/413F 
ULTEM 9085172C/341F 
Victrex AM 200Tg 151C/304F 
   
PolyJet  
Agilus elastomer__ 
Digital ABS rigid58-68C/136-154F; after thermal post-treatment: 82-90C/180-194F; possibly +5C more with optional post-treatment 
Elastico elastomer__ 
Vero rigid45-50C/113-122F 
   
SAF  
PA11185C/365F 
PA12173C/343F 
   

Reach out to our Application Engineers to help you understand the general properties of these materials (is it comparable to ABS or Polypropylene? Is it rated for smoke/flame/toxicity?) as well as the thermal and absorptive behavior. We are happy to provide you with data sheets. We may not have as many possibilities as Ben & Jerry do, but we’d like to take on the challenge.

A canister of Stratasys 3D printing filament, with sunglasses and a PADT Inc. baseball cap on top.

PADT Inc. is a globally recognized provider of Numerical Simulation, Product Development and 3D Printing3D Scanning products and services. For more information on Stratasys printers and materials contact us at info@padtinc.com.

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